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REPORT: Flexible Building Principles

By Nichlas Moos Heunicke and Ann-Britt Vejlgaard

This report maps how flexibility and design for disassembly (DfD) principles can be applied across existing buildings and building materials.

The report presents a series of case studies for projects and products which outline guidelines for applying flexibility and DfD through design for three main identified structural materials (concrete, steel, timber).

At large, the necessary knowledge to perform flexible and design for disassembly (DfD)

construction already exists. As illustrated in this report, numerous projects have been

developed utilising design strategies, principles or market-ready building materials that

enable increased degrees of flexibility and/or DfD. Literature argues that such solutions are not broader represented in construction due to factors such as cost, lack of knowledge or incentives.

However, historically buildings have been reused and recycled in a much higher degree than they are today - simpler construction or material costs are factors at play. Although such

historical perspectives are not covered in this report, the reports results support the notion

that Flexible and DfD construction indeed is very much achievable – and has been so for


Download the full report below:

MS14 Flexible Building principles_Final
Download PDF • 3.96MB

This deliverable has been submitted and is waiting for final approval from the European Commission.

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